中国园林
期刊搜索:
  • 当期推荐
  • 期刊检索
  • 目录索引
  • 业界新闻
  • 投稿须知
  • 广告服务
  • 友情链接
  • 关于我们
  • 返回首页
远程稿件处理
期刊杂志

    身为艺术家的园丁——工艺美术造园的核心人物格特鲁德•杰基尔

    关键词:风景园林; 花园; 植物配置; 格特鲁德•杰基尔

    Key words:Landscape Architecture; Garden; Plant Arrangement; Gertrude Jekyll

    摘要:格特鲁德•杰基尔,19世纪末20世纪初英国造园家,工艺美术造园的核心人物。其造园理论深受工艺美术运动和绘画艺术的影响,主要体现在植物配置的颜色规划方面。“自制与慷慨”“协调与对比”是杰基尔植物配置颜色规划理论的核心,而“漂浮物”状的种植条块则是杰基尔标志性的形式语言。杰基尔实现了园艺栽培的艺术化,与建筑师路特恩斯共同确立的规则式布局自然式种植的花园设计模式在西方有着广泛的影响。

    Abstract:Gertrude Jekyll, English gardener, is the key person in the Arts and Crafts Gardening. Deeply influenced by the Arts and Crafts Movement and romanticism painting, her theory is mainly on color scheme of plant association. Its core is the design principle of 'discipline-generosity' and 'harmony-contrast'. And the typical design language is the use of plants in long, thin, flowing group —— 'drifts'. She achieved the integration between art and horticulture with the theory on color scheme of planting. By the cooperation with Lutyens, the style of natural planting in the regular layout was founded by her, which has had a far-ranging influence in western countries.