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期刊杂志

    圆明园用地构成类型及特征的研究

    关键词:风景园林; 圆明园; 用地构成; 类型

    Key words:Landscape Architecture; Yuanmingyuan Garden; Plane Component; Type

    摘要:通过采用主成分和聚类分析2种量化方法,对圆明园中61个景点的用地构成进行了研究,根据研究结论划分用地类型并分析其特征。具体做法为从测算各景点中用地构成要素的相对面积比率入手,以其为研究对象,应用数据分析软件SPSS v.10.0,采用主成分分析的方法,明确了影响圆明园用地构成的主要成分,同时,又应用聚类分析方法,将用地构成划分为4种类型,即特异皇家类、典型皇家类、自然居住类和皇家私园类,进而分析了此4种用地构成类型的特征。

    Abstract:The purpose of this study was to classify plane components and to clarify its characteristics of Yuanmingyuan Garden, by using the factor analysis and two-step cluster, based on the type of plane components and their relative ratio of plane surface area. Comprehensive quantitative analysis was carried out for the study, analyzing the main components for classifying plane components. The results showed that the classification consisted of four groups: private-styled imperial gardens, typical imperial gardens, adapting resident gardens, and private gardens in imperial palace. In addition, the ratios of the plane components' area of each group were also obtained. Based on the plane components of Yuanmingyuan Garden, the classification of plane components and its characteristics were revealed.