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    风景园林设计的社会学属性——兼论Union Point 公园的设计

    关键词:风景园林; 社会学; 公众参与; Union Point公园

    Key words:Landscape Architecture; Sociology; Public Participation; Union Point Park

    摘要:风景园林设计的理念随着时代的变革而不断地演化,并趋于多样化。现代主义使得园林不再是贵族们隐居消闲的场所,而是作为一种社会基础设施进入公众的生活之中。后现代主义又使精英意识逐渐被平民情结所取代,公众参与的呼声日见高涨。以美国奥克兰市Union Point公园的设计过程为例,探讨了在后现代语境下风景园林设计的社会学属性,特别是“公众参与”的策略在公园设计过程中的应用和体现。同时结合国情,分析这种新的设计行为对我国风景园林设计师的借鉴意义。

    Abstract:The ideology of landscape architecture is changing in the process of social changes, tending to diversification. Modernism made the garden transform from recreational place of the nobility to basic social facilities of the public. Post-modernism made the elitism consciousness transform to civil love knot. The voice of public participation becomes more and more loud. With the design process of Union Point Park in Oakland, US, as the example, the sociality of post-modern landscape architecture, especial the effect of applying "public participation" method in landscape design, is explored. Then with the current Chinese basic condition in consideration, the relevance and implication of this new design deed to the Chinese landscape architects are analyzed.