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    因借“雪”的造景手法

    关键词:风景园林; 雪; 造景手法; 古典园林

    Key words:landscape architecture; snow; construction skill of landscape; classical garden

    摘要:雪因“雪的比德”而成为中国古典园林中冬季常用的借景对象。从“借雪入景”和“因境造景”2个方面论述以雪为主题的造景手法,借雪入景是因借山川、植物、建筑等雪后之景,因境造景是通过花、水、石头、声音等不同环境营造雪的意境,并对不同的设计手法进行了详细论证,指出这些造景手法在现代设计中应用的重要意义。

    Abstract:Snow is the main borrowed scene in winter in classical Chinese gardens because of its metaphor morals. This article introduces two construction skills of snowing-mood scenes, such as the borrowed scene of snow and making snowing-mood scenes. The borrowed scene of snow can be achieved by borrowing scene of mountains and rivers and plants and buildings after snowing. The snowing-mood scenes can be made according to the surroundings which include circumstances of flowers and water and rock and sound. In this article different designing methods are introduced and their significance in modern design are pointed out.