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期刊杂志

    样式雷与清代皇家园林

    关键词:风景园林; 园林史; 中国古代园林; 样式雷; 清代; 皇家园林

    Key words:landscape architecture; history of garden; ancient Chinese garden; Yangshi Lei, Qing Dynasty; Imperial Garden

    摘要:清朝皇家园林建设高潮迭起,将中国古典园林创作推向顶峰。这期间杰出的皇家建筑师——样式雷世家担任样式房掌案,执掌皇家工程建设,留下了众多皇家园林作品。可以说,自康熙中叶雷金玉建畅春园立功被钦命为样式房掌案,到清末雷献彩主持重修圆明园,清代皇家园林的建设无不凝聚了样式雷世家的心血。结合样式雷世家主持或参与清代皇家园林建设工程的图档、文字材料以及其丰富的园林创作实践,撷要介绍7代样式雷成员主持或参与清代皇家园林建设的情况,揭示他们在其中扮演的重要角色。

    Abstract:The design of Chinese classical gardens climaxed in Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) with the construction of imperial gardens. Within this period Yangshi Lei family acted as the chief architects of the design studio and took charge of the imperial architecture design. Their works include many imperial gardens. In other words, from the middle of Kangxi Reign (1661-1722) when Lei Jinyu was appointed as the chief architect by Emperor Kangxi because of his very positive contributions to the construction of Changchunyuan to the end of Qing dynasty when Lei Xiancai took charge of the reconstruction of the Yuanmingyuan Garden, Yangshi Lei family put their effort into the construction of almost all the imperial gardens in Qing dynasty. Based on systematic classifying of Yangshi Lei's architectural archives and the case studies of their works, this paper briefly presents the stories of Lei family's main members of 7 generations about their practice of imperial gardens design, and reveals the important role they played in the construction.