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期刊杂志

    我国文化景观的类型及其构成要素分析

    关键词:风景园林; 文化景观; 类型; 构成; 物质系统; 价值系统

    Key words:landscape architecture; cultural landscape; type; composing; material system; value system

    摘要:阐述了文化景观这一新的遗产类型的起源和概念;借鉴西方国家的类型划分标准,结合历史遗产的地域文化特性,将我国文化景观划分为设计景观﹑遗址景观﹑场所景观﹑聚落景观和区域景观5种类型;按照其物质载体和所反映的文化内涵将文化景观的构成要素划分为物质和价值两大系统,物质系统分为行为﹑建筑﹑空间﹑结构﹑环境5个要素,价值系统分为人居文化、产业文化、历史文化、精神文化4个要素;在此基础上阐述了文化景观类型与构成要素之间的相互关系。

    Abstract:The article expatiates upon the origin and the concept of cultural landscapes. Based on the criteria of cultural landscapes in the world and Chinese history and geographical features, it analyzes the types of Chinese cultural landscapes such as historic designed landscape, historic site landscape, historic vernacular landscape and heritage area landscape. It then divides the cultural landscape elements into material system including behavior, architecture, space, structure and environment, and value system including inhabitation culture, industry culture, history culture and spirit culture, and discusses their interrelations.