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期刊杂志

    历史文化村镇景观环境层次探析

    关键词:风景园林;历史文化村镇;景观环境;场所空间

    Key words:landscape architecture; historical and cultural village and town; landscape environment; open space

    摘要:对历史文化村镇的景观环境从宏观、中观和微观3个层次进行了分析,揭示了历史文化村镇的宏观景观环境满足的是人们“安居乐业”的生存需要,表现为村镇整体的山水环境景观和农业景观;中观环境着重营造的是人们“安身立命”的空间场所感,在满足使用功能的同时,承载了历史文化村镇丰富的非物质文化遗产;而微观景观环境则包含私家庭院和房前屋后的景观,其营造要符合自然规律和乡土社会传统文化及礼制秩序,体现的是一种“心安理得”的归属感。

    Abstract:The landscape of historical villages and towns was analyzed from the macroscopic, middle-scale, and microscopic views. Three features were revealed that the overall landscape environment met the villagers' survive needs for residence and live, such as the overall environmental landscape and agricultural landscape; the middle-scale open landscape provided functional places for villagers' everyday life and physical space for their spiritual cultural heritage; and the semi-private or private landscape created a peaceful and comfortable atmosphere for dwelling, including private yards and surrounding areas, and their construction should follow natural laws and local social traditional cultures and rites.