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    原型激活历史——风景园林中的历史性空间设计

    关键词:风景园林;原型;历史;设计;感知

    Key words:landscape architecture; prototype; history; design; perception

    摘要:从历史学和心理学的角度探索了人们对历史的感知特性,提出应以此为依据来设计历史性空间。即设计师应以人们对当代的兴趣引发其对历史的兴趣,引导人们通过潜意识来领会风景园林中所表达的历史意义。原型承载着人们的集体潜意识,能够为人们提供感知历史的心理暗示。在设计中,对原型的表征和转译能够实现不能被直接感知的集体潜意识和现实环境之间的沟通,使历史得到激活。旨在通过对历史的体验使人们产生与祖先经验相通的感受,使历史蕴含的精神和能量传递至今、至未来。

    Abstract:From the angles of history and psychology, this paper explores people's perception character towards history, and proposes that designers should create historic spaces based on this character. That is to say, designers should arouse people's interests in history through their interests in the contemporary, and people are able to understand the significance of history through their subconscious. Prototypes bear people's sub-consciousness which can provide psychological hints for people to perceive history. In design, the representation and translation of prototypes make it possible to realize the communication between the imperceptible sub-consciousness and the real environment which may make the history alive. Through the experience of history, people may have feelings of interlinked with the ancestors so that the spirit and energy contained in history may be passed on to the present, and to the future.