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期刊杂志

    日本枯山水和茶庭美学比较研究

    关键词:风景园林;枯山水;茶庭;露地;中国园林

    Key words:landscape architecture; Kare San Sui; tea court; garden of seclusion; Chinese garden

    摘要:以日本古典园林代表为例,研究枯山水和茶庭“露地”的建造美学与中国美学的联系。枯山水讲究“空相”,而茶庭却以“和、寂、清、静”为目的,看似不同但实质上都以“禅”为中心。建造手法继承中国园林美学的“借景”,但与中国园林不同的是枯山水“借景”常为不气魄的背景树,引发一种禅宗的冥想。而茶庭是利用松、竹代表的文化内涵和飞石、延段的创造,增加幽深庄严的仪式感。而通过对日本园林与中国园林相似处研究,认为我国的景观设计需要尊重传统,继承历史。

    Abstract:Through the representative of classical gardens of Japan, construction aesthetics of Kare San Sui and tea court "gardens of seclusion", including the relationship with Chinese aesthetics, it is concluded that virtually all are in the center of "Zen", although seemingly different that the Kare San Sui attaches importance to "emptiness", tea court is for the purpose of "peace, silence, being clear, being static". The technique of construction inherits "borrowed landscape", but comparing the difference with Chinese garden, Kare San Sui uses "borrowed landscape" by the austere background tree, causing a kind of Zen meditation, while tea court uses cultural connotations of the pine and bamboo creating flying stones and extension of road to increase the sense of depth and solemn ceremony. In addition, from the similarity between the Chinese garden and Japanese garden, it is concluded that landscape design need to respect tradition and study history.