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期刊杂志

    从《四部丛刊》略考“风景”

    关键词:风景园林;四部丛刊;风景

    Key words:landscape architecture; Si Bu Cong Kan; "Feng Jing"

    摘要:基于在《四部丛刊》中对“风景”一词的检索工作,通过数据统计分析了“风景”在四部分类、不同体裁、各个朝代的使用特征和发展演变趋势,对该词的语义进行了初步分析。发现“风景”的使用频率与政治稳定和文化繁荣的时代背景有紧密的关系,随时间发展其使用的频率增加,体裁更加广泛。“风景”最早出现在魏晋南北朝时期,来源于当时的文学作品对于景物描写的重视。最初的词义是“风光景物”,其后不断发展变化。最后结合时代背景和需求,对于“风景”一词的未来含义发展进行了思考。

    Abstract:Based on searching the Chinese word of "Feng Jing" in the Chinese traditional collection named Si Bu Cong Kan, the paper statistically analyzed the Feng Jing's usage conditions according to Chinese ancient taxonomy of four parts, subject matters and dynasties, and summarized the characteristics and evolution in its use. The preliminary textual researches about the implication had been done. Feng Jing's usage had a close relationship with the era background of the stable political situation and cultural prosperity. Followed by a balance in different themes, Feng Jing had been used more frequently in its development. Being interested in object description in literature, people initially used the word of "Feng Jing" with the original meaning of scenery, which was changed a lot afterwards in the period of Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties. Taking the current situation and development into account, the authors mentioned several considerations about future usage of "Feng Jing".