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期刊杂志

    “景”的释义

    关键词:风景园林;四库全书;景;名

    Key words:landscape architecture; Imperial Collection of Four; Jing; name

    摘要:语言、文字和名词是人类获得文化思维的一种本质性、本体性的存在。《四库全书》是我国现存最大的一部官修丛书。通过《四库全书》检索文字的用词频率探索相关的思维方式,具体分析与“景”相关的词组在《汉语大字典》与《汉语大词典》中不曾收录的含义,证实“风景”一词不但具有深厚的文化根基,而且能反映中国古人的思维规律。运用“风景园林”作为专业名称反映了中国古人思维方式的延续,相对于别的词组更具说服力,更符合中国目前的“境域”和“语境”。

    Abstract:Languages, characters, and words are essential and substantial for human to acquire cultural thinking. The Imperial Collection of Four is the largest remaining official collection of books of China. The related thinking ways were explored by searching the frequency of words used in the Imperial Collection of Four. The study concretely analyzed "Jing"'s meanings, which were not included in other relative phrases, and confirmed that the word "landscape" not only had deep cultural roots, but also reflected the thinking law of ancient Chinese. Compared to other phrases, "feng jing yuan lin (landscape architecture)" used as a professional noun reflects the continuation of the ancient Chinese way of thinking and is more persuasive.