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期刊杂志

    两宋园林中方池现象研究

    关键词:风景园林;方池;古典园林;中国园林;宋代;韩国皇家园林

    Key words:landscape architecture; square pool; classical garden; Chinese garden; Song Dynasty; Korean royal garden

    摘要:通过考察遗存的宋代文献典籍和宋代绘画,指出方池和直线形的池岸是两宋皇家园林理水的常见形式。进一步研究发现,这种理水手法受到宋代流行的风水理论和阴阳五行学说的影响,并和曲水流觞一样具有悠久的传统。值得注意的是,方池理水在两宋私家造园活动中也非常流行,反映宋人的理学思考背景,形成了独特的方池欣赏文化。两宋园林中方池的欣赏趣味向外传播,影响了朝鲜半岛的造园艺术。

    Abstract:This paper focuses on the study of square pools both in imperial gardens and private gardens of Song Dynasty. Square pool was quite popular in Song Dynasty so as to become a main water design form in that time, which was quite different from the form seen today in the remaining Chinese classical gardens. To explain this phenomenon, it is not hard to find that square pools was much influenced by the feng shui master theory and the theory of yin and yang which were popular and important in Song Dynasty. Base on the ancient records, this paper systematically summaries the phenomenon of square pools, and analyzes its values and influences on Chinese garden as well as its spreading in the Korean Peninsula.