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    北京冬季开放性公园使用者游憩行为研究

    关键词:风景园林;开放性公园;游憩行为;行为观测;冬季

    Key words:landscape architecture; open park; recreation action; action observation; winter

    摘要:以紫竹院公园为调查对象,采用行为观测法对北京冬季开放性公园使用者游憩行为进行研究,结果表明:1)中、老年人成为公园的使用主体;2)散步通行、文化娱乐、静态休闲和体育锻炼类活动成为公园内主要活动类型;3)在冬季,每天9:00为公园使用高峰;4)在高使用密度的场地中,以有林广场和滨水广场为主,文化娱乐和体育锻炼为其主导性活动。建议:1)研究和建设以中老年人为使用主体的城市公园绿地是老龄化社会必须解决的课题;2)基于使用者游憩行为特征而进行的空间组织是城市公园建设的要点,公园内各类广场的建设成为必要;3)公园内各类设施的数量和分布应与公园使用者分布密度相适应。

    Abstract:Taking Black Bamboo Park as the investigation object, this research adopts action observation method to study the recreation action in the open park of Beijing in winter. The result shows that: 1) The elderly becomes the main users of the park. 2) The pass, entertainment, static recreation and physical exercise are the main types of activities in the open park. 3) The peak hour of the park is at 9:00. 4) With entertainment and physical exercise as the dominant activities, most of high–usage areas are squares with trees or waterfront squares. This paper recommends that: 1) The research and construction of urban park for the elderly is the issue which an aging society must do. 2) The spatial organization based on the characteristics of users' recreation action is the key point of park construction, and the construction of various squares becomes necessary. 3) The number and distribution of facilities of park should be compatible with the distribution density of users.