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期刊杂志

    论植物景观规划设计

    关键词:风景园林;师法自然;植物景观;规划设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; simulate nature; plant landscape; planning and design

    摘要:我国幅员辽阔、气候多样、植物种类丰富。在自然界中,植物以稳定的群落存在,由于气候条件及地理条件的不同而呈现出多样化的植物群落外貌。在进行植物景观规划与设计之前应该充分调查、熟悉并掌握项目所在区域的植被类型、植物种类、特点和自然群落的构成,这是进行植物景观规划设计的重要基础。以“师法自然”作为前提,将科学性、文化性、艺术性、实用性四者统一作为原则,来衡量植物景观规划设计的优劣,力求实现“虽由人作,宛自天开”的境界。

    Abstract:China has a vast geographic area, diverse climate, and is very rich in plant species. In nature plants exist in the form of stable plant community, and are showing a variety of appearance due to different climatic and geographic conditions. Before the planning and design of plant landscape, the project areas' vegetation types, plant species and characters, as well as composition of natural plant communities sufficiently should be investigated to be familiar with and master them. That is an important basis for plant landscape planning and design. Inspired by nature as a prerequisite, in combination of the scientific, cultural, artistic, and practical principals to measure the merits of plant landscape planning and design, the "natural beyond artificial" state could be achieved.