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    当代植物园规划策略

    关键词:风景园林;植物园;规划策略;植物收集;展示;解释体系;节事

    Key words:landscape architecture; botanical garden; planning strategy; plant collection; exhibition; interpretive system; festival

    摘要:植物园兼具科学价值和公益属性,面临着重要的发展机遇与挑战。从4个方面探讨了如何制定符合植物园发展趋势的规划策略:1)要转变植物种质资源收集策略和方式,做到个体与群落收集并重,重视地域乡土植被的收集和保护,突出植物收集的环境保护和可持续发展意义;2)展园设置要兼顾多样性与规模化,通过专类园展示特色植物及其生境,运用主题园增进趣味性与互动性;3)要构建以科普教育为主题、强化公众认知、互动和参与的植物园解释体系;4)通过大型节事活动策划,凸显植物园的公益属性和社会价值。

    Abstract:Botanical gardens have both the scientific value and the public welfare attribute, and are faced with opportunities and challenges of development. This paper mainly discussed from four aspects, explored how to draw the effective strategies which accord with botanical gardens' development trends: 1) proposing to change the strategies and methods of plant germplasm collection, regard both the individual and the community as being equally important, emphasize on the collection and protection of local native plants, and to highlight the significance of environmental protection and sustainable development in plants collection; 2) proposing to setup exhibition gardens with the quality of both diversity and scale, to display characteristic plants and habitats by specified plant gardens, to promote fun and interaction by theme gardens;3) proposing to integrate with the exhibition of plants, traffic system, to build the interpretation system which is a theme about popular science education, and strengthen public awareness, interaction and participation; 4) through mega-festival planning, proposing to highlight the botanical garden's public welfare attribute and social values.