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    多重构图——埃斯特别墅园林的空间设计

    关键词:风景园林;园林史;意大利园林;构图;设计;埃斯特别墅

    Key words:landscape architecture; garden history; Italian garden; composition; design; Villa D'Este

    摘要:根据对埃斯特别墅等案例的研究,提出园林的“多重构图”概念,以回答这一研究问题:在确立园林结构强势的控制力时,如何将其控制相对化,融入变化多样的主观体验。即如何协调规整式园林强势的形式图像,与动态的、现场体验的品质之间的冲突。研究显示出埃斯特别墅园林结构的复杂性:它具有多个强有力的构图或主导性构图,但各自都只具有相对的支配性,或被刻意打断,相互之间的转换形成了戏剧化的体验。形成这一“多重构图”结构的具体操作为:横切、视错觉、遮挡与隐藏、诱导、整体与局部的差异等。

    Abstract:Multiple-composition of gardens is put forward based on the the conclusion of the case study of Villa D 'Este, as an answer to the question: how a garden, with a powerful structure, can make its structure relative, to combining with the dynamic, changeful subjective experience. This problem relates to the contradiction between strength image and the varying experience of the garden. The analysis of Villa D'Este shows the complexity of structure: powerful compositions or dominant compositions coexist, yet each of them respectively has relative dominance, or conversion of compositions after being deliberately broken formed dramatic experience. Multiple-composition study summarize its operation and logic, such as transection, optical illusion, shelter or hide, induction, as well as differences between the whole and parts.