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期刊杂志

    海南南山佛教文化区植被调查及景观构建

    关键词:园林植物;南山;佛教;植被

    Key words:landscape plants; Nanshan; Buddhism; vegetation

    摘要:20世纪90年代初期,为形成南山佛教文化区的概念规划,采用普遍踏查和样方调查相结合的方法,对海南南山岭一带的植被和土壤进行了详细调查。该地域次生植被主要分为滨海移动荒原植被群落型、山麓热带季雨林植物群落型、村落周围栽培植被群落型、山岳次生林植被群落型等类型。在保护现有植被的基础上,结合创造佛教文化景观的主题特点,对佛教文化园、南海风情园、民俗民居区和福寿文化园的植物景观构建进行了探讨。进而从地形改造、景石设计、建筑小品、水景布设及园路分级等造景手法进行了阐述。

    Abstract:For the conceptual plan of Nanshan Buddhism Culture Resort, upon the integration of field survey and ecological quadrat sampling method, the vegetation and soil were studied in detail systematically. The existing secondary vegetation could be characterized as coastal mobilideserta vegetation community, mountain foothill pluviisilvae vegetation community, cultivated vegetation community surrounding village and mountain vegetation community of secondary forest. For coinciding with the Buddhism culture, the landscape construction for Buddhism culture spot, South China Sea view spot, folk-custom spot, and good fortune garden were proposed for the plant landscaping. The method of landscape construction with topography reforming, rockery disposing, garden furniture, waterscape laying and road paving were elucidated in this research.