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期刊杂志

    谈挖潜增绿和提高绿地使用效率的途径与方法——以美国部分城市绿地建设实践为例

    关键词:风景园林;绿地;挖潜增绿;使用效率

    Key words:landscape architecture; green space; tapping the potential of increasing green; potential of use

    摘要:近年来,我国城市园林绿化事业蓬勃发展,城市绿地建设方兴未艾,城市生态环境和宜居品质得到了有效的改善。但在取得成绩的同时,部分城市在绿地规划建设过程中,对居民实际的使用需求和绿地的使用效率等情况却不甚关心。有些对绿地需求较强的城市中心区因用地紧张等现实原因绿地面积反而很少,而有些花费巨资建成后的绿地却少人问津。因此,如何满足居民实际需求,有效地增加城市绿地,如何提高城市绿地的使用效率等问题就值得我们思考和研究。虽然美国在土地利用方面有诸多的弊端和不足,但其在挖潜增绿和提高绿地使用效率方面还是涌现出了一些较为成功的建设实践和范例,值得参考与借鉴。

    Abstract:In recent years, China's urban landscaping has been flourishing, urban green space construction is in the ascendant, and urban eco-environment and livable quality have been effectively improved. While making achievements, in the process of green space planning in some cities, citizens' actual needs and the efficiency of green space use are less concerned. In some city central areas that have strong needs of green space, the shortage of land makes the green space area being very small instead, while some green space that cost much are seldom visited after being constructed. So how to meet citizens' actual needs and effectively increase urban green space area, and how to improve the efficiency of urban green space use are worthy of consideration and research. Although the United States has many deficiencies and shortcomings in terms of land use, there are still many successful construction practices and examples in tapping the potential of increasing green and improving the efficiency of green space use, which could be of reference value.