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    停留空间设计与公共生活的开展——扬·盖尔城市公共空间设计理论探析(2)

    关键词:风景园林;扬·盖尔;公共空间设计;停留空间;空间品质;公共生活

    Key words:landscape architecture; Jan Gehl; design for public space; staying space; space quality; public life

    摘要:基于多年心理感知和物质环境2个方面的研究与实践,扬·盖尔对停留空间的设计提出了比较系统的主张。从驻足空间和坐歇空间2个方面对其停留空间的理论进行了研究,其中对影响驻足空间的3个效应(即边界、壁龛和界面效应)和坐歇空间的4个要素(即数量、材料、位置和景观)分别进行了探讨。希望通过对扬·盖尔理论的研究与介绍,能够对改进我国城市公共空间中停留空间的设计与建设起到有益的借鉴作用。

    Abstract:Based on his research and practice of both psychological perception and physical environment in the past decades, Jan Gehl has already formed his own theory of design for staying space. The paper presents the research results for the design of staying space in two aspects which are three effects for standing space (including edge effect, niche effect and facade effect) and four factors for sitting space (seat quantity, seat materials, seat location and seat scenery). Through research and introduction of Jan Gehl's theory, the intention of this paper is that the authors expect that it can play an inspiriting role for promoting the development of both theory and practice in the design and construction of staying space within the urban public space in China.