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期刊杂志

    日本矿业遗产概况及其保护趋势

    关键词:风景园林;矿业遗产;产业遗产;保护;日本;石见银山;九州山口;军舰岛

    Key words:landscape architecture; mining heritage; industrial heritage; conservation; Japan; Iwami-Ginzan Silver Mine; Kyushu and Yamaguchi; Gunkanjima

    摘要:随着工业发展和主要能源的转换以及对于环境保护问题的重视。20世纪60年代后期开始,日本国内的矿山相继废矿,产生了一大批与矿业相关的遗迹和产业遗留。随着城镇保护、世界遗产登录、产业遗产相关的保护运动等话题的相继提出,尤其是2007矿业类的石见银山遗产被登录为世界遗产后,近年来在日本国内掀起了一股产业遗产保护的热潮。着重选取了矿业遗产作为研究对象,依次梳理了日本国内矿业遗产的遗留现状、遗产保存的框架体系,并通过对2个具体实例(石见银山、九州山口近代产业遗产群)的解读,详细分析了日本在保存矿业遗产方面的特征及研究趋向。

    Abstract:With the industrial development and change of main energy, a lot of mines were closed since the end of 1960s'. And with introduction of the concepts about conservation and World Heritage, especially after the Iwami-ginzan Silver Mine was announced as a World Heritage in 2007, a boom of industrial heritage conservation was raised out recently in Japan. This paper studied 2 representative cases, which are Iwami-Ginzan Silver Mine and Kyushu and Yamaguchi Modern Industry Heritage, in order to clarify the current movement and conservation system of mining heritage in Japan.