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    植物园地域性景观特色规划研究——以宁波植物园规划设计为例

    关键词:风景园林;植物园;地域性;景观特色; 规划设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; botanical garden; regional feature; landscape feature; planning and design

    摘要:在研究地域性景观及世界植物园地域性景观发展趋势及特点的基础上,着重介绍了植物园地域性景观特色塑造的过程和方法。以宁波植物园的规划设计为例,在规划设计中对区位、上位规划、场所自然环境等场地精神和潜在的影响要素研究的基础上对地域性景观特色进行提炼,形成了植物园独特的山水骨架、景观功能布局、场地元素的功能延续、地域特色专类园以及结合植物园主题内容塑造的地域特色景观。最后指出,地域性景观特色的形成不是风景园林师在刻意创新,而更多在于发现,在于用专业的眼光去观察、去认识场地原有的特性,发现它积极的特性并加以引导。

    Abstract:Based on the study of the development trends and characteristics of regional landscapes and the regional landscapes of world botanical gardens, the paper mainly introduces how to shape botanical garden regional landscape features. With the example of Ningbo Botanical Garden planning, shaping regional landscape features, the unique landscape skeleton, layout, the element of the function with the theme of botanical garden are based on the analysis of location, planning, places such as natural environment spirit and the potential impact factors. At the end, it points out that, regional landscape features are not landscape architects' innovation, while more is to find, to observe with professional eyes, to know the original nature, and find out the positive aspects and make a guidance.