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期刊杂志

    论对自然资源“圈占”行为的规制——以云南风景名胜资源开发管理为例

    关键词:风景园林;自然资源;“圈占”;规制

    Key words:landscape architecture; natural resource; "occupy"; regulation

    摘要:当前,我国出现一轮“圈占”自然资源热,国有重点自然资源多由管理区(如风景名胜区、自然保护区、各种国家公园等)以“特许”方式转让,集体自然资源通过“四荒”拍卖、承包、租赁等方式,以低价分割“圈占”。云南素有“植物王国”“动物王国”之美誉,境内多处被列为生态功能区和禁止开发区,是国家重要的生态安全屏障,但风景名胜等资源“圈占”情况相当突出。资源“圈占”不仅关系云南可持续发展和国家生态安全,也关乎公平正义。规制自然资源“圈占”不仅要贯彻科学发展、完善法律制度、科学编制规划、强化监督机制,更要鼓励引导支持公众参与,推进集体资源自主化管理。

    Abstract:At present, there is a "occupying" and robbing natural resources boom in China. State-owned key resources are transferred through "franchise", by administrative zones (such as scenic areas, nature reserves, all kinds of national park, etc.).Collective natural resources is "occupied" through the "sihuang" auction, contract, lease, etc., with ultra low-cost segmentation. Yunnan is known as "the plant kingdom" and "the animal kingdom" and important national ecological security barrier, and many areas are listed in ecological function and prohibited development zone by the state, but the scenic resources are "occupied" seriously. Resources "occupying" not only relates Yunnan sustainable development and national ecological security, but also is about fairness and justice. Regulation of natural resources "occupying" behavior should not only implement the scientific development, improve the legal system, make planning scientifically, and strengthen oversight mechanisms, but also encourage, guide and support public participation, and promote self-management of collective resources.