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期刊杂志

    包容性设计对老龄化社会公共空间营建的意义

    关键词:风景园林;包容性设计;老龄化社会;研究

    Key words:landscape architecture; inclusive design; aging society; study

    摘要:包容性设计指设计的产品或环境不受使用者年龄和能力的影响即可被使用,或与使用者共同努力消除社会、技术、政治和经济过程中的障碍的基础建设和设计。通过阐述英国“户外空间的包容性设计(I'DGO)”项目的研究现状、实践案例,探讨了包容性设计的产生背景,概念内涵和操作方法,进一步分析老年人身心条件、生活质量与户外环境之间的关系,总结出包容性设计在公共空间营建中的原则和设计方法。针对老龄化趋势所产生的新需求以及我国包容性设计的现状,提出应结合老年学的研究,倾听来自社会弱势、边缘群体的呼声,通过包容性设计的途径,提高城市公共空间的建设对弱势人群的包容程度,促进实现社会环境的公平性。

    Abstract:Inclusive design is a way of designing products and environments so they are usable and appealing to everyone regardless of age, ability or circumstance by working with users to remove barriers in the social, technical, political and economic processes underpinning building and design. From the introduction of I'DGO research and case studies, this article discussed the background, concept and operation approach about Inclusive design, analyzed the relationship between the physical and mental conditions of the aged, living quality and outdoor environment, summarized the principle and design method of inclusive design in open space, proposed recommendations in response to the problems and new demands occurred in China at the aging society, put forwards that the study of gerontics should be combined to listen to the needs of vulnerable groups, through the approach of inclusive design, make the environment more inclusive to them, and promote social equality and justice.