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    水体生境设计的图式语言及应用

    关键词:风景园林;水体生境;生态设计;图式语言;景观的语言;水上田居

    Key words:landscape architecture; water habitat; ecological design; pattern language; landscape language; Water Garden

    摘要:通过“水上田居”的设计实践,探讨一种运用图式语言的设计方法。将水体生境分为河流生境、池塘生境、湖泊生境、湿地生境、溪流生境5大类,根据各类型生境的特点,选取典型生境空间进行研究,并从这些水体生境的典型空间得出基本图式90种,组合图式9种,形成水体生境的基本语汇。语汇与设计过程的结合构成水体生境设计的语言体系。实践案例展现了完整的图式设计过程:根据基地的生态环境调查,确定“水上田居”的功能导向,并从水体生境设计的图式语言体系中选取适合基地情况并符合功能导向的图式,将其运用到设计中。

    Abstract:The design practice of Water Garden is used to discuss the pattern language design method. This paper divides the water habitats into five categories as river habitats, ponds habitats, lake habitats, wetland habitats and stream habitats, according to the characteristics of the habitats, to choose the typical space of the habitats to do the research. The pattern resulted from the typical spaces of the water habitats can be divided into two categories, one is the typical pattern and the other is the combined pattern. Based on the survey of the environment of the actual case study – Water Garden, the function orientation was determined and the pattern which is not only coincide the situation of the base but also coincide the function orientation was chosen from the system of the water habitats pattern, which was summarized to be used into the design. Through the actual design of the Water Garden, a design method which is based on the pattern language is explored.