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    浮生——孟加拉chomra地区漂浮农田系统的构建

    关键词:风景园林;孟加拉;洪泛期;漂浮景观;农业景观模式;栖居地

    Key words:landscape architecture; Bangladesh; flooding period; floating landscape; agricultural landscape mode; living place

    摘要:介绍2012年第49届IFLA国际大学生设计竞赛二等奖作品的详细内容。在全球气候问题频发的大背景之下,关心并尝试缓解越来越多的“气候难民”所面临的生活困境,确定以改善孟加拉国气候难民生活方式的景观设计为最终选题。选取孟加拉chomra地区为研究对象,思考如何通过景观的手段,在尊重自然水节规律,满足农业需求的前提下,尽可能减小洪水的危害。通过对当地具体现状的研究,希望能够实践生存空间与水“共生”,提出“浮生”的概念,并希望通过利用漂浮技术,构建出漂浮农田系统,形成一种农业景观模式,为当地居民提供在洪泛期可以栖居、生活的场所,同时也形成当地的新景观。

    Abstract:The paper introduced the details of the Second Prize work of the 2012 49th IFLA International College Student Design Competition. Under the background of frequent global climate issues, the designers concern and try to alleviate the plight faced by the growing number of "climate refugees". After a lot of data collection and exchanges and discussions, combined with the teacher's guidance, the designers determine to take landscape design to improve the lifestyle of Bangladesh climate refugees as the topic. The designers select Chomra of Bangladesh as the study area, and think about how to use the method of landscape design to cope with the challenges of respecting the natural water law and minimizing flood hazards on the premise of meeting agricultural needs. The designers put forward the concept of "floating life" through the research of the current local situation. The designers hope to construct floating farmland system by the use of floating technology in order to provide local residents living place in the flooding period, also form a local new landscape at the same time.