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    重庆红池坝景区景观规划中的生态适宜性分析

    关键词:风景园林;生态适宜性分析;景观生态规划;南方山地草甸;红池坝;重庆

    Key words:landscape architecture; ecological suitability assessment; landscape ecology planning; Southern mountainous meadow; Hongchiba; Chongqing

    摘要:生态适宜性评价是风景区场地分析的重要手段和生态规划的重要依据。以重庆红池坝景区为研究区域,以景区核心景观—中山草甸的保护、恢复与合理利用为目标,选取植被现状、坡度、用地现状、高程及土壤水分状况5个评价因子,采用因子加权叠加法对研究区域进行生态适宜性分析。依据分析结果,将景区用地分为4类,即:草甸景观保护区、草甸景观游憩区、草甸景观缓冲区、草甸景观背景林区。并对4类用地从保护、恢复与利用的角度提出了相应的规划策略与建议。

    Abstract:Ecological suitability assessment is an important method of site analysis and the ecology planning basis of scenic zone. This paper aimed at the Chongqing Hongchiba Scenic Area, took the protection, restoration and reasonable utilization of the mid-level mountainous meadow located in the core landscape of the scenic zone as the research goal, and five factors, including vegetation growth status, gradient, land use status, elevation and soil moisture condition of the meadow in the Hongchiba Scenic Zone were used to evaluate the ecological suitability by weighted factor superposition method. According to the analysis results, the meadow scenic land was divided into meadow landscape protection area, meadow landscape recreation area, meadow landscape buffer area and forest background area of meadow landscape. Based on the ecological assessment results of the Hongchiba Scenic Area, the corresponding planning strategies and suggestions to the four meadow landscape areas were put forward from the protection, restoration and utilization points of view.