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    《园冶》理论的普世价值及其对建设美丽中国的指导作用

    关键词:风景园林;《园冶》理论;普世价值;建设美好家园;指导意义

    Key words:landscape architecture; theories of Yuan Ye; universal value; construct beautiful home; directive significance

    摘要:《园冶》理论作为创建宜居环境的学问,虽然诞生于农耕文明时代,但在工业文明时代更具蓬勃的生命力,蕴涵着对建设人类美好家园的普世价值,即 :以“天人合一”的哲学理念为精髓,倡导人与自然的和谐共生;构建舒适的居住环境,顺应人们拥有美好家园的生活需求;《园冶》理论本质上体现了绿色发展理念,提倡生态生活方式,主张合理利用自然资源,符合可持续发展理念。运用《园冶》理论反思当前经济社会发展中城乡建设的误区,并提出发挥《园冶》理论的现实指导作用,应用于建设美好家园乃至美丽中国的千秋大业,关键在于提高各级政府领导者的古典和现代风景园林理论水平,注重在规划设计建设各个环节营造协调的生产、生活和生态空间,同时加强风景园林学科建设,提供理论和人才支撑。

    Abstract:As the knowledge to create the livable environment, although born in the era of farming civilization, Yuan Ye still has more vigorous vitality in the era of industrial civilization and implies the universal value of building better homes, that is, the philosophy of "human-nature unity" as the essence, and advocating the harmonious coexistence between human and nature; constructing comfortable living environment to adapt to people's needs for a better home. The theories of Yuan Ye essentially reflects the green development concept, promotes the ecological living style, advocates the rational use of natural resources, and is in line with the concept of sustainable development. The paper rethinks the misunderstandings of urban and rural construction in the current economic and social developments using the theories of Yuan Ye, and puts forward that the key to play the actual guiding function of Yuan Ye theories and apply them in building better homes and even the great course of building beautiful China lies in improving the classical and modern landscape architecture theoretical levels of government leaders, emphasizing building harmonious producing, living and ecological space in every step of plan and design, and strengthening the construction of the landscape architecture discipline, and providing theoretical and personnel support.