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期刊杂志

    城市开放空间景观破坏行为成因及解决对策探讨

    关键词:风景园林;城市开放空间;景观破坏行为;解决对策

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban open space; landscape vandalism; solution

    摘要:城市开放空间景观破坏行为时有发生,给城市环境、文明形象带来了不利影响和经济损失。对于破坏产生的原因,往往单方面归结于破坏者道德水平低下,而忽略设计是否考虑到人的使用行为心理以及管理是否完善到位等方面的因素。破坏行为是否可以通过某些途径得到控制,甚至于消除?论述景观破坏行为概念、根据破坏行为主客体归纳破坏类型、人群年龄和空间分布特征,从心理、环境、设计和管理角度分析其成因,同时提出相应解决对策来规避破坏行为的产生。

    Abstract:Landscape vandalism happens frequently in urban open space, which has side effect on the city environment, cultural image, and economic loss. People often attribute the reasons of vandalism to the low moral standards but ignore the fact that the designer taking less account of the user behavior psychology, the maintenance is not adequate and other factors. Could the vandalism be effectively controlled through some ways, even to wither away? This paper discusses the conception of the landscape vandalism, induces the vandalism type from the subject and the object and the vandalism spatial distribution and the age characteristics, analyses the causes from the aspects of psychology, environment, design and management, and puts forward the corresponding solution countermeasures to avoid damaging behaviors.