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期刊杂志

    阐释自然观的技艺——风景园林学科的社会定位

    关键词:风景园林;自然观;天人合一;天人相分

    Key words:landscape architecture; conception of nature; unity of universe and human; separation of universe and human

    摘要:风景园林主要是阐释人们自然观的技艺,自然—文化关系构成了风景园林艺术的核心内涵。在中国传统文化中,其实存在着天人合一与天人相分这2种彼此对立的自然观。为了树立适合当代社会发展的自然观,需重新审视风景园林理应表达的自然—文化关系,一方面要继承天人合一观崇尚的自然思想,主动地适应自然和欣赏自然;另一方面又要发扬天人相分观崇尚的科学精神,能动地利用自然为社会服务,通过在改善国土自然风貌和城乡生态环境方面的重要作用,明确风景园林学科的社会定位。

    Abstract:Landscape architecture is mainly the artistry to explain people's view of nature, and the relationship between nature and culture constitutes the core connotation of the landscape architecture art. In traditional Chinese culture, there are actually two opposite views of nature: the unity of universe and human, and the separation of universe and human. To establish the view of nature suitable for the contemporary social development, the relationship between nature and culture that landscape architecture should express needs to be re-examined. On the one hand, the conception of nature advocated by the unity of universe and human should be inherited to adapt to nature and appreciate nature, while on the other hand, the scientific spirit advocated by the separation of universe and human should also be carried forward to actively serve the society with the use of nature and define the social positioning of landscape architecture discipline through its important functions in improving the territorial natural features and urban and rural ecological environment.