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    将景观历史作为开启景观规划的一把钥匙

    关键词:风景园林;景观历史;景观规划;进化关系;保障措施

    Key words:landscape architecture; landscape history; landscape planning; evolutionary relationship; safeguard measure

    摘要:景观规划需要完善的景观历史研究作为支撑。其内涵在于构建连续完整的景观客体进化关系,使景观规划中针对景观客体的正确描述、科学预测及制定有效的方案成为可能。从景观的区域背景历史、发展节点历史事件挖掘及近期数据科学采集与分析3方面出发,在论述基于景观规划的景观历史研究系统构成及面临的问题的同时,进一步阐明了景观历史对景观规划在背景数据库建立、识别问题能力提高及方案制定更趋科学化方面的促进作用。

    Abstract:Landscape planning needs support from a perfect landscape history research system, the connotation of which is to build a continuous and complete evolutionary relationship for the landscape object and make correct description, scientific forecast as well as formulating effective plans possible in landscape planning. Based on landscape's regional background history, digging of development node historical events and recent data's scientific collection and analysis, the article describes the composition of the landscape history research system and the problems it facing and further clarifies the promoting effect of landscape history to landscape planning in establishment of background database, capacity's improvement of problem recognition and more scientific plans.