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    文化景观视角下历史名城保护规划研究——以河北明清大名府城保护规划为例

    关键词:风景园林;文化景观;演进机制;开放性保护;适应性更新

    Key words:landscape architecture; cultural landscape; evolution mechanism; active preservation; adaptive renewal

    摘要:1992年世界遗产委员会提出文化景观遗产的新概念,强调从价值意涵层面对遗产进行文化解读。旨在拓展人类对历史遗产的认识,超越“保护—发展”二元对抗的思路,开拓遗产保护的目标与方法视野。以此视角为契机,从城市空间格局分析、文化景观系统组织、典型历史地段设计3个层面分别探讨基于文化景观视角的名城保护方法,并结合河北大名县明清古城的保护规划实践,寻找传统文化与现代文明的对接契机。

    Abstract:In order to open up human's understanding of heritage, UWHC proposed the concept of "Cultural Landscape" in 1992, emphasizing the essentiality of unscrambling the connotation of the historic things and reserving beyond the binary opposition between frozen protection and urban development. Through this view, the article re-examined every aspect of the historic cities reservation in China. Taking Ming-Qing historic city of Daming as an example, the article discussed a new historic city preservation method from urban spatial pattern analyzing, cultural landscape system organization, and typical historic area design respectively in the perspective of "Cultural Landscape".