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    庐山植物园杜鹃属植物资源及其园林应用

    关键词:园林植物;庐山植物园;杜鹃属;植物资源;园林应用

    Key words:landscape plants; Lushan Botanical Garden; Rhododendron; plant resource; landscape application

    摘要:庐山属亚热带气候,杜鹃属植物资源十分丰富。通过多年野外调查和相关文献资料的查阅,统计整理出庐山植物园杜鹃属植物资源共分7个亚属、20个组(亚组)、300余种;按照生态类型将其分为高山垫状灌木型、高山湿生灌木型、旱生灌木型、亚热带山地常绿乔木型及附生灌木型5种类型;介绍其形态、观花,叶片等观赏特性。并从花篱树墙、花球、孤植树、花丛、花山及盆景的造景形式,对杜鹃属植物的园林应用进行了研究。

    Abstract:There are abundant Rhododendron plants resources in Lushan Botanical Garden where the climate is subtropical. Based on several field investigations and consulting literature materials, the results showed that there are over 300 species, 7 subgenus, 20 sections (or subsections) of the Rhododendron plant resources in Lushan Botanical Garden. According to the ecological types, it can be divided into 5 types: alpine pad bush type, alpine muggy bush type, arid bush type, subtropical upland evergreen arborescent (brush), and epiphytic bush type. The paper also introduced the ornamental characteristics of its shape, view, and leaf. From the cherry tree walls, fences, solitary planting trees, flowers in clusters, flower hills and the miniascape landscape form, the landscape application of the Rhododendron plants was studied.