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    计成与阮大铖的关系及《园冶》的出版

    关键词:风景园林;计成;《园冶》;阮大铖;张修;张昆岗

    Key words:landscape architecture; Ji Cheng; Yuan Ye(The Craft of Gardens); Ruan Dacheng; Zhang Xiu; Zhang Kungang

    摘要:为计成刻印《园冶》的文学家兼园林主人阮大铖是众所周知的明代“奸臣”,而大部分《园冶》读者认为计成被迫依靠阮为计成的耻辱。但是,阮大铖的声名狼藉主要是南明弘光朝以后的事,而在计与阮往来时,很多文坛名人也很乐意与阮有社交,计与阮的关系似乎是真正友情。画师张修(损之)可能也参与《园冶》的刻印工作。计成为阮家所造的庭园乃南京俶园,而并非怀宁石巢园。俶园为阮大铖之父阮以巽庭园,而阮大铖本人在南京的集园很可能由张昆岗所造。

    Abstract:The writer and garden-owner Ruan Dacheng, who published Ji Cheng's Yuan Ye, is known as a "treacherous official" of the Ming dynasty, and most readers of Yuan Ye regard the association with him as forced on Ji Cheng, to his shame. This paper argues, however, that Ruan's bad reputation arose mostly from the events of the Southern Ming Hongguang reign, and at the time of Ji's association with him, many famous literary men also had social relations with Ruan, so Ji's friendship with Ruan appears genuine. The artist Zhang Xiu (Sunzhi) may also have been involved in the publication of Yuan Ye. This paper also suggests that the garden designed by Ji Cheng for the Ruan family was the Chu Yuan ("Good Beginning Garden") in Nanjing, which belonged to Ruan Dacheng's father Ruan Yixun; Ruan's own garden in Nanjing, the Ji Yuan ("Assembly Garden"), may have been designed by Zhang Kungang.