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    清代对燕京梅花的物候记录——《燕梅花候记》的发现与介绍

    关键词:园林植物;清代;北京梅花;物候记录;《燕梅花候记》

    Key words:landscape plants; Qing Dynasty; Beijing Mei Flower; phenological record; Phenological Records for Mei flower in Yanjing

    摘要:2012年8月8日,笔者在国家图书馆发现余痴生撰清光绪间石印本《燕梅花候记》。这是一本记录清代光绪年间北京城内梅花栽植物候情况的书,是目前所发现最早的北京梅花种植、养护以及欣赏的一部专著。其中以1903-1907年春季持续物候观察最为重要,以对冬季防寒、梅虫危害和立地条件的观察分析最为精彩。

    Abstract:In August 8th 2012, the author found a stone-copied book entitled Phenological Records for Mei flower in Yanjing by Chisheng Yu in Guangxu years of Qing Dynasty in the National Library of China. This book records the plant and phenological situation of Mei flower in Beijing in Guangxu years of Qing Dynasty, which is also the earliest one focusing on the plant, maintenance and view of Mei flower in Beijing. The most important portion in this book is the continued phenological observation in the springs of 1903 to 1907 and the most brilliant portion is the observation and analysis of cold-protection in winter, insect pest and site condition.