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期刊杂志

    村落文化景观形成机制的时空特征探讨——以诺邓村为例

    关键词:风景园林;村落文化景观;形成机制;时空特征;诺邓村;地理环境;地域文化

    Key words:landscape architecture; village cultural landscape; forming mechanism; spatial time characteristics; Nuodeng Village; geographical environment; local culture

    摘要:村落文化景观包括自然本底、地域文化和物质环境3个支点,前两者分别对应的空间特征与时间特征,是剖析村落文化景观形成机制的重要因素,而物质环境的空间特征是在时间特征的持续中逐渐显现的。以诺邓村为例,综合运用GIS的分析方法与人类学的描述方法,通过对应“时间点”的空间特征分析与对应“时间段”的时间特征分析,阐明了村落文化景观的形成机制。该方法在人居环境的研究中同样适用,还可以随着研究尺度的变化而扩展。时空特征不仅可以作为村落文化景观研究的切入点,也能够与人居环境科学的多学科属性吻合。

    Abstract:Natural background, regional culture and physical environment are three basic points of village cultural landscape. Spatial and time characteristics which correspond to the first two ones respectively are important factors in the formation mechanism in the analysis of village cultural landscape. The spatial characteristics of the physical environment are gradually becoming apparent in the sustaining of time characteristics. In Noudeng Village case, the author apply the GIS technology and descriptive perspective of anthropology, by using the method including the spatial characteristics analysis which corresponds to "time instant" and time characteristics analysis which corresponds to "time course", clarify formation mechanism of village cultural landscape. From the perspective of human settlements, the method can be applied equally, and it can also be extended with the change of the research scale. The studying of spatial and time characteristics can not only be served as village cultural landscape, but also be consistent with the multi-disciplinary property of human settlements sciences.