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    绿色基础设施的传统智慧:气候适宜性传统聚落环境空间单元模式分析

    关键词:风景园林;绿色基础设施;传统聚落;聚落环境;气候适宜性;空间单元模式;模式分析

    Key words:landscape architecture; green infrastructure; traditional settlement; settlement environment; climate adaptability; space unit pattern; pattern analysis

    摘要:在中国独特的地理气候背景下,自然山水形成了多样适合人居的地形小气候空间单元。传统聚落通过建筑与自然山水空间结合的形态协同营造,共同构建传统聚落的绿色基础设施,形成良好的生境条件,以适应地域气候变化和抵御自然灾害。通过对传统聚落环境空间形态模式进行气候适宜性分析,揭示了传统聚落绿色基础设施建设的地形气候空间生态调节机制,解读了绿色基础设施建设的中国传统智慧和科学机理,提出气候适宜性聚落环境空间单元是绿色基础设施构成的一种基本生境空间单元。对其深入的研究有助于构建我国绿色基础设施建设的地域性理论和方法。

    Abstract:Based on the background of the Chinese characteristic geography climate, mountain and river form various topography microclimate space units, which suit to living. The traditional settlement combines the architecture with mountain and river, constructs the traditional settlement green infrastructure, and form well habitat condition together, which can adapt the changes of the regional climate and resist the natural destruction. Through the analysis of climate adaptability on spatial form of traditional settlement environment, the article reveals the topography climate space ecological regulation mechanism of green infrastructure, analyzes the Chinese conventional wisdom and science of green infrastructure, and puts forward a basic habitat space unit. Through these research, it can help to construct the regional theories and methods of Chinese green infrastructure.