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    华夏园林渊薮:基于湿地生态环境的先秦苑囿

    关键词:风景园林;先秦园林;湿地;资源;生态环境;礼仪活动

    Key words:landscape architecture; Pre-Qin landscape architecture; wetland; resource; ecological environment; ritual activity

    摘要:先秦园林是以湿地生态环境为基础的物质生产基地,是中国园林的雏形。它兼有水土保持、防灾及备战等功能,是先秦城邑的有机组成。苑囿与湿地环境的结合,深深烙印在传统文化中,对中国园林的发展产生了深远的影响。苑囿的利用与管理方式,反映了古人重视生态环境及资源永续利用的传统,体现了成熟的生态智慧。这对于今天利用、保护和管理环境及资源具有积极意义。在西方强势文明大量输入的今天,古人的这一大智慧不应被忽视。

    Abstract:The origin of landscape architecture in China should be dated back to the ones in the Pre-Qin period, which were based on wetlands and were distinct from most of what emerged later. Pre-Qin landscape architecture was essentially pieces of land of fertility and productivity. It also served as reservoir, buffer to natural hazards and military backup. It was a typical composition of a city state. The influence of wetland on landscape architecture was significant. Pre-Qin landscape architecture and its descendants in Qing period revealed great wisdom on sustainable environment care and management, which still enlightens today.