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期刊杂志

    美国植物园的发展现状对中国植物园可持续发展的启示

    关键词:风景园林;植物园;可持续发展;生态;经济属性;综合运营

    Key words:landscape architecture; botanical garden; sustainable development; ecology; economic attribute; integrated operation

    摘要:通过对美国植物园自经济危机以来发展现状及面临挑战的分析,对植物园的基本属性进行了讨论,提出植物园的基本属性包括:科学属性、社会属性、生态属性、文化属性及经济属性,探讨了对我国植物园可持续发展的启示,提出植物园的未来发展和综合运营可以和科研、多学科、产业、新技术、品牌和文化等相结合,以培育和发展我国植物园的自我生存能力、可持续发展能力及自我创新能力,从而更好的服务于科学研究、城市生态建设、社会经济及人民生活。

    Abstract:This article discusses the basic attributes of botanical garden by analyzing the present situation and challenges faced by American botanical gardens since the economic crisis. The article points out that the basic attributes of botanical garden include science attribute, social attribute, ecological attribute, cultural attribute and economical attribute. The enlightenment to the sustainable development of Chinese botanical gardens is also discussed. It is said that the development and the integrated operation of botanical garden can be combined with scientific research, multiple disciplines, industry, new technology, brand and culture in order to cultivate and develop the survival ability, sustainable developing ability and self-innovation ability which will let the botanical garden serve the science research, city ecological construction, social economy and better civic living.