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期刊杂志

    城市公园环境质量评价方法和评价指标构筑的探析

    关键词:风景园林;公园;环境质量;评价方法;指标体系;探析

    Key words:landscape architecture; park; environmental quality; evaluation methods; standard system; research

    摘要:城市公园是城市园林绿化的重要组成部分,其环境质量好坏直接影响城市环境质量,然而城市公园环境质量如何评价,尚无操作性强的规范可循。笔者根据18年分管城市公园规划设计审批和城市公园管理检查评比的实践经验,并在研究旅游系列规范的基础上,结合城市公园游憩、生态、美化、防灾的四大功能,分析构成城市公园环境的自然因素和社会因素的影响,尝试提出城市公园环境质量的评价方法并构筑评价指标体系,为今后公园环境质量评价指标、方法的优化与合理选用提供了借鉴。

    Abstract:Urban park is an important part of urban landscape, and its environmental quality directly affects the quality of urban environment. But there is no standards available to evaluate its environmental quality. According to the author's 18-year practical experience in city park planning and design approval and inspections and appraisals of the urban park management, based on the study of a series of tourism regulations and analysis the natural factors and social factors which constitute the city park environment in accordance with the four main functions of urban parks, which are creating recreational space, improving the city environment, improving the city apperance and preventing disasters, this article proposes the standards for evaluating the environmental quality of urban parks and the system of indicators for examing its construction quality. This article also provides the constructive suggesttion for the optimization and reasonable selection of the methods and the index of the evaluation of environmental quality of the parks in the future.