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    江苏云台山糙叶树群落调查及植物配置模式研究

    关键词:风景园林;江苏云台山;糙叶树群落;植物群落景观;模拟设计;植物配置模式

    Key words:landscape architecture; Yuntai Mountain in Jiangsu; community of Aphananthe aspera; plant community landscape; simulation design; plant allocation model

    摘要:在进行植物群落景观设计时,可以借鉴天然植物群落。江苏云台山糙叶树群落季相景观优美,通过线路调查和样方调查,分析其物种重要性和多样性、季相和空间结构、糙叶树龄级结构;提炼出2类植物配置模式,可用于构建秋色叶或春夏花植物群落景观;并整理出一套模拟天然群落构建人工植物群落景观的方法。该研究适用于苏北、皖北等地区的天然植物群落景观的模拟设计,可为园林植物造景注入新鲜元素,彰显地域特色,并为该方向研究提供方法性的参考。

    Abstract:Natural plant community ought to be treated as a major source for plant landscape design. The community of Aphananthe aspera of Jiangsu, which was selected as the research object, has fascinating seasonal landscape and high scientific research value. Species importance and diversity, seasonal and spatial structure, and age class structure of the community of Aphananthe aspera were analyzed. Two models of plant arrangement that are suitable for plant landscape with autumn-color leaf or spring and summer flower were refined. Also, methods were summarized for constructing artificial plant community landscape by simulating natural plant community. The models can be applied in northern Jangsu and northern Anhui for simulation design of natural plant community landscape, pouring fresh elements and more regional characteristics into urban and rural landscape plants design, and providing methodological reference.