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    基于风景园林植物景观规划设计的适地适树理论新解

    关键词:风景园林;天地人三才之道;适地适树;植物景观规划设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; the theory of Tian-Di-Ren; matching species with the site; planning and design of plant landscape

    摘要:“适地适树”是林业和风景园林植物景观规划设计领域所遵循的基本原则之一。在对传统园林规划设计思想和原适地适树理论的重新解读后认为:在风景园林植物景观营造过程中,不仅应对城市植物景观营造场地中诸生态因子特征、植物材料的适应性以及植物景观实现途径3个方面对原有理论体系进行丰富和发展,还应在其体系中重点体现人们对城市植物景观的功能型、资源节约型需求,以及植物景观的稳定性和生物多样性需求。另外,还基于已有研究成果对新的适地适树理论的量化评价体系构建提出初步建议。

    Abstract:"Matching species with the site" (MSS) is one of the basic principles in the field of forestry and the planning of landscape plants in landscape architecture. In this paper, based on the re-interpretation of the theory of traditional landscape and original MSS, it was thought that the original theory of MSS should be improved and enriched in three fields: the ecological factor feature of urban place, the adaptability of plant materials and implementation of landscape plants, and the need of functional and resource thrift type, stability and biodiversity of plant landscape should also be reflected in the theory system through the constructing process of plant landscape. Moreover, a suggestion focused on the evaluation system of new MSS was proposed based on the retrospect.