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    上海复兴公园与中山公园空间变迁的比较研究

    关键词:风景园林;上海复兴公园;上海中山公园;空间构成;变迁过程

    Key words:landscape architecture; Fuxing Park in Shanghai; Zhongshan Park in Shanghai; spatial composition; transformation process

    摘要:通过比较上海市复兴公园与中山公园的空间变迁,考察英法两国与中国园林样式在融合过程中的异同点。比较时期为租界时期与中华人民共和国时期,通过总结文献中的设施变迁特征、平面图中的山形水系、花坛·草坪、建筑类设施与园路的定量、定性分析结果,对公园的空间变迁特征进行比较考察。研究结果如下:1)2个公园作为原租界公园,其园林形式具有多样性,20世纪20年代间均形成了折中式园林格局;2)2个公园作为中国现代公园,在“文化大革命”以前与改革开放以后这2个阶段,充实了休憩娱乐功能、增添了公园的中国特色;3)新中国成立后,中山公园内的英式景观设施较复兴公园内的法式景观设施而言改建较多,且中山公园中式景观设施的增设较为明显。

    Abstract:This paper aims to compare two processes of fusion in design — the fusion between French and Chinese landscape styles and that between English and Chinese landscape styles — via a comparison of the facilities and transformations in Fuxing Park and Zhongshan Park, Shanghai. The period studied includes the period of concessions (Period I) and that of the People's Republic of China (Period II). Through a literature survey tracing the development of the facilities and features and quantitative analysis based on the plan drawings of elements such as hills, water bodies, flowerbeds, lawns, architectural installations, and pathways, this paper describes a comparison of the facilities and transformations in the two parks. Conclusions: (1) As former settlement parks, both have a diverse landscape style, because of the eclectic landscape style popular in the 1920s; (2) As modern Chinese parks in the stage before the Cultural Revolution and the stage after the Reform and Opening-up, both parks developed recreation facilities with Chinese elements; (3) In Period II, Zhongshan Park made more changes to its English style landscaping facilities than Fuxing Park made to its French style landscaping facilities; thus, the increase in Chinese style landscaping features was more marked in Zhongshan Park than in Fuxing Park