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期刊杂志

    “生态文明”视角的江苏省镇域景观规划研究

    关键词:风景园林;镇域景观;乡村景观;城市化;文化地理;生态文明

    Key words:landscape architecture; townscape; rurul landscape; urbanization; cultural geography; landscape composition

    摘要:镇域乡村景观具有重要的审美价值,也是小城镇最有特色的部分。但是,目前缺少相关规划研究。现代城镇规划过分强调使用的功能性和实用性,自然连绵山脉、水系格局和生态群落已经被现代化建设破碎分解。江苏省城市化正在以历史上从未有过的大规模和高强度发展,极大地影响着小城镇内镇域景观格局。研究从多视角:文化地理、景观生态、城市规划,分析村镇传统的人地关系理念,以及自然生态系统和社会建设过程,确定以“生态文明”理念的科学方法,为镇域乡村景观规划和管理奠定理论基础。

    Abstract:The townscape should be the most distinctive and important part in regional planning, but lacking of planning research. In recent 10 years, the rapid urbanization of the Jiangsu Province in the large scale and high strength directly affects the townscape composition. Modern urban planning too much emphasis on the use of function and utility, the continuous river system in the history has been reduced to fragments decomposition by the modern construction. Townscapes in Jiangsu Province has been blessed with a long history and unique landscape, accounting for 30% of the population. In recent years, the urban construction in Jiangsu Province has been developing on a large scale and with a high intensity unprecedented in history. It greatly influenced the landscape composition of villages and towns in the province. The research is from multiple perspectives: cultural geography study of the regional cultural heritage, landscape ecological research on its natural space, and city planning study of its physical space layout. The paper researches and analyzes the village natural ecological system and social construction process, determines the scientific research methods, and then lays a foundation of scientific theory for town landscape planning and management.