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    法国风景园林高等教育院校设置

    关键词:风景园林;教育;评论;凡尔赛—马赛国立高等风景园林学校

    Key words:landscape architecture; education; review; L'école Nationale Supérieure du Paysage Versailles-Marseille

    摘要:法国风景园林教育历史悠久、体系独特。通过访谈、调查和文献整理,梳理了凡尔赛—马赛国立高等风景园林学校为代表的法国风景园林教育历史,介绍了法国主要培养风景园林设计师、风景园林工程师、风景园林理论研究学者的院校基本情况,整理了风景园林专业文凭和学位体系。结果表明,法国的风景园林教育源于园艺学,自20世纪90年代以来,法国风景园林教育进入蓬勃发展时期。

    Abstract:French landscape architecture education is of a long history and is unique. Based on interviews, field survey, and literature sorting, this article investigates French landscape architecture education history as represented by L'école Nationale Supérieure du Paysage Versailles-Marseille, introduces the basic situations of French institutions cultivating landscape architects, landscape engineers, and landscape researchers, and sorts the landscape architecture professional diploma and degree systems. The results show that French landscape architecture education originates from horticulture. Since the 1990s, French landscape architecture education has undergone a vigorous development period.