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    岭南传统景观空间意象及构成要素研究——以余荫山房为例

    关键词:风景园林;岭南传统景观;空间意象认知地图;构成要素;意蕴;余荫山房

    Key words:landscape architecture; Lingnan traditional landscape; space imagery cognitive map; constituent element; implication; Yuyin Mountain House

    摘要:以岭南四大名园之一的余荫山房为研究对象,利用环境意象理论、原型理论、场所理论以及认知地图、照片辨认、问卷调查和SPSS方差分析方法,分析其空间意象及构成要素。研究结果表明:余荫山房空间意象的构成要素为结构、个性和意蕴。在此基础上,探索性地将其作为普适意义上的岭南传统景观意象的三构成要素,以期为阐释岭南传统景观空间意象构成及其现代景观设计提供新的理论和方法。

    Abstract:This paper aims at using different theories and methods to make a more in-depth and objective research on the constituent elements of traditional Lingnan landscape space imagery. With the environmental image theory, prototype theory, location theory, cognitive maps, photograph identification, questionnaire survey and SPSS analysis of variance, Yuyin Mountain House, one of the most famous four gardens in Lingnan, is taken as the research object to analyze its spatial imagery and constituent elements. The results show that the constituent elements of spatial imagery of Yuyin Mountain House are the structure, character and connotation. On this basis, three constituent elements is exploratively taken as the universal sense of Lingnan traditional landscape imagery, so as to interpret traditional Lingnan landscape imagery composition and provide a new theory and method for its modern landscape design.

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