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    新农村景观智造——海南省海口玉龙泉湿地公园生态修复

    关键词:风景园林;生态修复;湿地公园;景观智造;生物多样性;矿坑遗址

    Key words:landscape architecture; ecological restoration; wetland park; smart design in landscape; biological diversity; mining field

    摘要:工业化、标准化及高效率生产,为中国的现代化城市建设带来了30年的高速发展,也带来了新建设环境的雷同以及城乡设计的个性丧失。“景观智造”理念的提出为自然生态系统的修复方法做出了指导,使景观设计从生态性、功能性、实用性、经济性和美观性上能够全面满足使用者的需求。以“海口玉龙泉湿地公园”为例,阐述了景观智造在矿坑等实际问题的设计过程中的实践,并总结了景观智造理念的实施方法,以及在规划设计过程中遇到问题的3种应用措施。

    Abstract:The industrialization, standardization and high-efficiency production has given the fast speed growth of urban development in China for the past thirty years. At the same time, it results in the lack of unique characteristics and excess similarity in city and suburban landscape. The concept of "smart design in landscape" is aimed to guide the design in vision of ecological and functional principle as well as economic return. The article explained a case study that applied the principle—Wetland mitigation and park restoration of Haikou Yulong Spring. The project is the Ecoland Planning and Design team's practice in solving specific site problems, using three of environmental restoration methods for the abandoned mining fields.

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