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    基于“生物气候场效应”的城市户外生活空间气候适应性设计方法

    关键词:风景园林;城市户外空间;公共生活空间;生物气候;生态场;气候适应性设计;西安城市气候

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban outdoor space; public living space; bio-climate; ecological field; climate adaptability design; urban climate of Xi'an

    摘要:从生物气候过程的角度,提出“生物气候场”的城市户外环境空间概念,阐述了基于“场效应”的户外环境被动式生物气候调节原理和设计思路。以“生物气候场”空间的水热通量平衡为设计核心,从界定气候设计的外部设计条件,建立设计参数指标体系,探索便于操作的可视化设计方法等多方面,尝试建立可供风景园林设计师在设计构思过程中运用的户外环境被动式生物气候设计方法框架,同时介绍了课题的相关研究进展。

    Abstract:From the perspective of bio-climate processes, the "bio-climate field" is presented in this paper as an urban outdoor environment spatial concept, and the outdoor environment passive bio-climate modulating theories and design ideas based on the "field effects" are expounded. With the water vapor and heat flux balance of the "bio-climate field" as the core, and from the various aspects including defining the outward conditions of climate design, establishing design parameters index system, and exploring the easy-operable visual design approach, the paper tries to build an available design methods frame of outdoor environment bio-climate design that can be used by landscape architects during the design process. The related research progress of the topic is introduced as well.

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