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    英国郊野公园规划设计探析

    关键词:风景园林;郊野公园;英国;案例分析;规划设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; country park; England; case study; planning and design

    摘要:郊野公园的概念最早出现在英国,其建设及运营在英国发展得较为完善。通过对英国郊野公园的资料搜集整理,对英国郊野公园早期的规划依据与相关评审标准及英国“绿旗奖”进行介绍;同时,结合英国郊野公园的案例分析,从区位交通、游客容量、利用场地资源、景观设计手法、自然保护区划定、郊野游览区设计等方面总结英国郊野公园规划设计原则与设计要点,以期对我国郊野公园的规划设计与建设管理起到抛砖引玉的作用。

    Abstract:The country park and its concept first appeared in England, also its construction and operation have developed more comprehensively there. Through the collection of the country parks' information, this paper introduced the early basis planning and related assessment criteria of country park in England. Meanwhile, combined with the cases study of England country parks, the authors summarized the country park planning design principles and design elements by analyzing the location, traffic, tourist capacity, the use of local resources, landscape design methods, designation of nature reserve and the design of country recreational area, etc. Through the analysis and study, the authors hoped that this paper could play a valuable role in the planning design and construction management of country park in China.

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