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    图解“风”与“水”——流体景观元素模拟与分析法在风景园林规划设计中的应用

    关键词:风景园林;流体景观元素;模拟;小气候;丘陵绿化;水系规划

    Key words:landscape architecture; fluid landscape element; simulation; microclimate; hill greening; water landscape planning

    摘要:包括风、水等在内的流体景观元素是风景园林中重要的造景元素类群,可通过计算流体力学(CFD)软件进行模拟。流体景观元素分析法(FLEA)是以各种流体景观元素为分析对象,在明确分析目标与环境条件之后,通过计算流体力学软件的模拟得到模拟图像和分析结论,用以指导风景园林规划设计的方法。新疆英吉沙县丘陵绿化、陕西榆林山岔湾湿地公园规划设计与山东威海双岛湾水系景观规划3个案例分别模拟了风、温度与水流,例证如何将流体景观元素分析法应用于风景园林规划设计中。

    Abstract:Fluid landscape elements, including wind and water, are important parts in landscape architecture, which could be simulated by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software. Fluid Landscape Elements Analysis(FLEA) is a method that can direct landscape planning and design which takes various fluid landscape elements as the analysis object, determines the analysis of target and environment conditions, and gets simulation images and scientific conclusion by CFD software. Through the simulation of wind, temperature, water flow by three typical cases of hills greening in Yingjisha County of Xinjiang, Shanchawan Wetland Park planning in Yulin of Shaanxi, and Double Island Bay water landscape plan in Weihai of Shandong, the paper introduces how to use the method of FLEA in landscape planning and design.

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