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    德国的风景园林教育

    关键词:风景园林;教育;博洛尼亚进程;德国风景园林师协会(BDLA);教学改革

    Key words:landscape architecture; education; Bologna Process; Federation of German Landscape Architects(BDLA); education reform

    摘要:风景园林教育在德国有着悠久的历史。从1824年彼得·约瑟夫·林奈(Peter joseph Lenné)在波茨坦创立第一所专业学校开始,这份事业便持续至今。目前在德国已有15所大学或学院开设风景园林相关课程。欧盟博洛尼亚进程为教育系统带来了彻底的变革,学士学位和硕士学位取代了原有的“工程学位”,这一头衔曾长期代表了设计与工程技术之间的特殊关联。现在,德国风景园林师协会(BDLA)和其他相关组织正尝试在提高毕业生的教育质量,拓展其专业知识上做出更大的努力。

    Abstract:Landscape architecture education in Germany has a long tradition. From the beginning in 1824, when Peter Joseph Lenné founded the first school in Potsdam, the profession records a continuous development. Today 15 universities and colleges offer study programs in landscape architecture. The European "Bologna Reform" process brings radical changes in the education system. Bachelor and master degrees replace the traditional title "Diplomingenieur", which stood long time for the special linkage between design and technical skills. Now the Federation of German Landscape Architects and other organizations try to influence the process to care about a high education standard and a broad professional knowledge of graduates.

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